4 Key Components of Fitness

Fitness is an essential part of life and a person can never be alive without it. Physical fitness refers to the capacity to do certain tasks, undertakings and parts of daily activities and it is also usually achieved through proper nutrition, light-hearted physical activity, adequate rest and good sleep. People who are fit have always appeared healthy and are not prone to diseases.

Physical fitness has many components and each of them contributes towards a healthy lifestyle. Aerobic exercise is one of the best ways of staying fit and it consists of cardiovascular exercises like running, jogging, walking, bicycling, swimming and climbing. The intensity of the physical activity determines the intensity of the effect on the body and it helps in improving oxygen intake and expenditure, minimizes fat deposits and in turn improves immunity. Weight lifting is another very important component of a fitness program and it aims at strengthening and toning the muscles.

Core exercises are those which help in maintaining the balance of the skeletal system, thus preventing the risks of backaches and injuries. They are not just meant for weight lifting but any regular exercise program can include these exercises as part of its curriculum. Fitness experts recommend performing core exercises like squats, lunges, push ups and curls with an empty stomach to provide better results. For people who are new to fitness training, it is important that they take breaks in between their routine sessions and perform cardio exercises on a daily basis so that they can maintain a steady routine, increase strength and improve flexibility at the same time.

It is necessary to perform regular cardiovascular exercises and get in shape so as to stay away from medical complications such as heart attacks, high cholesterol and diabetes. People who do not maintain a healthy diet and restrain from eating junk food and fatty foods are more likely to develop poor fitness habits and become unfit. In order to remain physically fit people should take the help of a fitness trainer and practice some simple physical fitness exercises once in a while. By practicing these exercise routines regularly, you will be able to maintain your fitness level and stay fit for a long time.

Flexibility refers to the freedom of joints or muscles to move in a certain way. The key to increasing the flexibility level of your body is through resistance training and stretching. Through proper stretching, you will be able to improve your muscular power and strength, thereby improving your cardiovascular fitness as well.

Resistance training helps in increasing the muscular endurance of your body. Muscular endurance basically means your ability to endure tension and strain during physical activity. People who do not engage in any physical activity or do not know the importance of muscle strength training can forget about living a healthy life and remain inactive.